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KOROWAY TRIBE

Koroway BoyKoroway is one of the isolated tribes living in Papua regions, the famous name of this peoples we called “the Tree house tribe”, that the tribe was explored by the first Missionary Gerrard Van Engk..

The Koroway always move from one place to another in order to be close to the foods and hunted animals proided by nature. Both Koroway and hunter and gatherer  who moved and build a new tree house once every 2 or 3 years. For this reasons we do not fix the place of our destination or what activities we do day by day.

Once we arrive in Yaniruma (starting point to see the Koroway tribe), our contact person will telling us up dated all the information in Koroway area including the peoples and their tree house or IF there is any Sago grub feast take the place while we are in the area. The Sago grub feast is the main ritual ceremony in Koroway tribe to re-new their world and relation with God/ Spirit among their own people in the clans of groups.

Koroway Tree HouseWe will arrange our visit to the place where the feast take place and experience a lot of things from the peoples. During the feast, the host of the feast serve a lot of foods including the most delicacy Sago grubs to invited guests and every one will put on their best wear dancing.

Traditional wear Koroway is very simple, men wear a piece of leave or small penis guard to cover their penis and women the skirt made of woven sago leaves.

 

ASMAT TRIBE

History

On the 10th of October 1904, the ss. Flaminggo discovered an unknown bay during an exploratory voyage along the south coast of New Guinea. This bay, which lies in the Asmat region, was originally called Oostbaai and later Flaminggobaai. Soon after she dropped anchor in the bay, the ship was surrounded by a large number of dugout canoes in which in which the people living around the bay come out to see the first foreigners they had ever encountered.

Both party were extremely nervous but, with the help of the sign language, empty bottles and knives were soon being exchanged for paddles, arrows, spears, and shield made of wood. However, the men on the Flaminggo felt increasingly threatened by the behavior of the Asmat men and they decided to forego exploration and return to the Mimika region.

Lifestyle

The Asmat people live in a region of brackish swamps along the south coast of Irian jaya (Papua).

This region, which is covered with tropical rain forest, is about 200 kilometers long and stretches about 100 kilometers inland. It’s also intersected by many rivers. The annual rain fall never amounts to less then 5.000 millimeters, and in the estuaries the daily tidal range is between 4 and 5 meters.

Travel in this region is only possible by boat and often involves long distances across the Arafuru sea. The population of about 40.000 people is distributed over about 118 isolated villages, and five languages are spoken in the region. The daily diet consists of Sago and Fish.

Contact with outer world is maintained by small coaster from Timika and Merauke or sometimes by charter Mission small air craft, which is call by Cessna plane fly to small air strip in Ewer village (Asmat region )which built since 1962.

there are 4 administrative offices, eleven Missionary post (eight Catholic and three protestant) and a number of three and six year village school. Except for a limited export of hardwood lumber, the country has no resources permitting economic development.

DANI TRIBE

History

In 1921 an expedition team lead by John Krenter, had climbed mountain present time called Mandala mountain. At the time, the expedition team walked on foot and crossed Baliem river. An odd event happened at that time, the expedition team could not see Baliem Valley, this was caused by cloud and dense fog hinder their sight. Krenter expedition stayed some days at swart Valley ( Karubaga resort).

According to the investigations which held by Dr. Paul Wirz (Anthropologist), he wrote some books once among them is “Di Tanah Uang Kulitbia”, at that time, people in the interior areas had recognized for the first time. The first time in 1938 Baliem area a tapped  by Arch bold team expedition.

Mr. Richard Bold is a scientist from America Museum of natural history, he intended to explore plants and interior area. Bold recognized Baliem Valley from aero plane on June 21’1938. the investigations in the Baliem Valley began on June 1938 to May 13’1939 at that time. The expedition planed landed at Arch bold lake. The both of group walked on foot, and meet each other in Baliem river.

The first meeting with Baliem inhabitants in July 31’1939, this meeting was welcomed by arrows, spears. The aim of Arcold expedition was to investigated flora, fauna. After investigating they left butary of Baliem river. In 1945 the second World War still going on, an airplane carried American forces on a trip to see Baliem area from above. But, unfortunately airplane fell down in the pass valley.

Twenty one passengers were died, and three of them still alive, a girl name Margareth Hasting. (SAR) Search and Rescue teal try to find the passengers, they brought them medicine, food stuff. Beside that they built temporary airstrip specially for a kind of pale without machine. Miss. Margareth and 2 men were discovered on May 30’1945, then they took an airplane to their home town.

Lifestyle

The Dani overwhelmingly a pork and sweet potato peoples, something like 90 percents of their diet is sweet potato , steamed or baked. The other 10 percent is made up of great variety of food, almost all of which grow them selves. Most of their meat they eat from domestic pigs, which killed only at ceremonial occasions. But there are enough pig for ceremony, so that most people get few ounces of pork of every week or so.

There are other minor root crops like taro and yam, there are lot of bananas plants around every compound, but the fruit takes so long to mature at this altitude that bananas is not an important food. People grow sugar cane and cucumber for snacks, and plenty of greens are used in the steam bundies, sweet potato leaves, especially, but also various other leaves which ethnographers always called : spinach-like.

If there is a delicacy. It would be the various sots of pandanus. One kind has a great long red fruit which is steamed and squeezed out to make a strong red paste which flavors other foods, another kind of pandanus tree bear nut, these are baked, the tough shells smashed open, and the savory little meat picked out and taken.

The Dani are certainly not gourmets, there is little variety cooking or in menu. The only seasoning are the red pandanus paste, ginger roots or salts. The interest or importance of food for the Danis lies not in the ingenuity of the recipe of the elegance of the service, but in the meaning of the gathering. Ceremonies of all sorts involve cooking massed of simple food to eat and take away.

Although most Dani will grabe a handful of berries to much on, and boys often take potshots at birds, hunting and gathering is now almost inconsequential in providing food. A few men who like hunting live at the edge of the forest, keep dogs and go after marsupials but most do not bother. Children sometimes catch crayfish but until the Dutch stocking ponds and stream in the 1960s. there are no fish at all in the Grand Valley water.

 

Other Useful Information:

- Map of Papua
- Papua Tribes
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